Italian-born filmmaker and writer Roberto Rossellini were born on May 8, 1906, in Rome in the province of Lazio. One of the most influential filmmakers, Roberto Rossellini, is a maestro of neo-realism. France’s nouvelle vague movement, which revolutionized world filmmaking in the 1950s and 60s, was inspired by his works. American filmmakers, such as Martin Scorsese, were also affected by him. As the son of Elettra (Bellan) and Angiolo Giuseppe “Beppino” Rossellini, who founded Italy’s first cinema, he debuted in Rome on May 8, 1906. Throughout his childhood, he was immersed in the world of cinema, viewing movies at his father’s movie theatre when the art form was starting to take off. D.W. Griffith and other foreign filmmakers owe a debt of gratitude to Italian cinema, which was one of the most developed globally.
While Hollywood eventually came to determine what constituted a “well-made” picture between the two world wars, Roberto Rossellini, one of Italy’s post-World War II filmmakers, placed the country back at the forefront of international filmmaking. Because of his broad and rigorous training, he became an expert in many different areas of filmmaking. In addition to his brother Renzo Rossellini, who also worked in the film business as a composer, A documentary he made in 1937 called Prelude to the Afternoon of an Animal is his first feature-length project after working as an assistant to Italian filmmakers.
Vittorio Mussolini, Benito Mussolini’s second son and a film critic and producer had a significant influence on his career. Rossellini’s first great Film, 1945’s anti-fascist Roma città aperta (“Rome, Open City”), received the Grand Prix at Cannes after Il Duce was overthrown. Next came Paisà (1946) (“Paisan”) and Germania anno zero (1948), two more masterpieces of the Neo-Realist movement (“Germany in the Year Zero”). Rome, Open City’s screenwriters Sergio Amidei and Federico Fellini were nominated for an Academy Award in 1947 for Best Writing, Screenplay, while Roberto Rossellini was nominated for a Best Writing, Screenplay Oscar in 1950 for “Paisan,” alongside Amidei, Fellini, and two other authors.
He meant it when he remarked, “I don’t want to create beautiful films; I want to make helpful films,” he meant it. “I attempt to convey reality, nothing else,” Rossellini said. With the help of these performers, he developed storylines that reflected their unique personality traits and life tales, enhancing the feeling of authenticity of his films. The Film was irrevocably altered by Vittorio De Sica and Luchino Visconti, two prominent neo-realist filmmakers.
New Realism, the style of cinema that Elia Kazan attributes to his personal development as an artist, helped him shift his style of filmmaking away from Hollywood and toward more gritty, realistic films like On The Waterfront (1954). Ingrid Bergman’s romance with Roberto Rossellini was an international scandal, and the affair was widely publicized. Although Bergman was already married, they became more than just friends on the set of Stromboli, Terre di Dio (1950).
Sonali Senroy Dasgupta, an Indian screenwriter, cheated on her with Rossellini when he was in India at the behest of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru to help revitalize the Indian film industry after they had married and had three children. As a result of the affair, Nehru had him expelled. Rossellini subsequently divorced Bergman and married Das Gupta, therefore legalizing their unmarried child. Until his death, Rossellini kept making films. In 1975, he released Il Messia (“The Messiah”), a movie about the Passion of Christ. On June 3, 1977, Roberto Rossellini lost his battle with lung cancer in Rome when he had a heart attack. 71 was his age.
AGE, BIOGRAPHY, AND WIKI
|Who is it?||Writer, Director, Producer|
|Birth Day||May 08, 1906|
|Birth Place||Rome, Lazio, Italy, Italy|
|Age||114 YEARS OLD|
|Died On||3 June 1977(1977-06-03) (aged 71)\nRome, Italy|
|Occupation||Film director, producer, screenwriter|
|Spouse(s)||Assia Noris (m. 1934; annulled 1936) Marcella De Marchis (m. 1936; div. 1950) Ingrid Bergman (m. 1950; div. 1957) Sonali Das Gupta (m. 1957)|
|Children||6, including Renzo Rossellini and Isabella Rossellini|
BIOGRAPHY/TIMELINE of Roberto Rossellini!
In Rome, Italy, in 1922, Rossellini was born. Angiolo Giuseppe “Beppino” Rossellini, a construction company owner from Rome, was the son of Elettra (née Bellan) and Elettra’s mother, Elettra (née Bellan). His mother was of French ancestry from immigrants who came to Italy during the Napoleonic Wars. When Fascism was established in Italy in 1922, Benito Mussolini opened his first hotel in Rome on the Via Ludovisi.
His first wife was Marcella De Marchis, a costume designer he cooperated with long after their marriage ended. On September 26, 1936, he married Marcella De Marchis. Assia Noris, a Russian actress well known for her roles in Italian cinema, quickly annulled the engagement. Marco Romano (born July 3, 1937, and died of appendicitis in 1946) and Renzo were the sons of De Marchis and Rossellini. De Marchis and Rossellini divorced in 1950. (and eventually divorced). Even if he wasn’t personally religious, the Church’s ethical teachings and religious sensibility appealed to him. He perceived these things as being overlooked in the materialist world.
Before Midnight, a Faune was Rossellini’s debut documentary. Goffredo Alessandrini invited him to join him in the production of Luciano Serra pilota, an Italian film that became one of the most popular of the early 20th century. To help Francesco De Robertis, he was summoned to Uomini Sul Fondo, released in 1940. To others, his strong acquaintance with the son of Il Duce has been seen as an explanation for his preference for an apprenticeship over other candidates.
Certain writers have characterized his early work as a series of trilogies. As part of his “Fascist Trilogy,” Rossellini made his debut feature picture, The White Ship (1941), funded by the Navy Department’s audiovisual propaganda center. A Pilot Returns (1942) and The Man with a Cross (1943) follow (1943). This period resulted in his relationship and collaboration with Federico Fellini and Aldo Fabrizi. Two months after the liberation of Rome (June 4, 1944) and the fall of the Fascist state in 1943, Roberto Rossellini was already hard at work on the anti-fascist Roma città aperta (Rome, Open City 1945).
While Fellini helped with the writing, Fabrizi portrayed the priest, and Roberto Rossellini produced the Film on his own; Film had to be procured on the illicit market since most of the funds came from credits and loans. It was a massive success from the start. It was at this point that Rossellini began his ‘Neorealism Trilogy,’ the second title of which was Paisà (1946), made with amateur actors, and the third title of which was Germany, Year Zero (1948), funded by a French producer and shot in Berlin’s French quarter. As with Paisà, Rossellini favored non-actors in Berlin, but he couldn’t track down anybody whose face he thought was “interesting.” Instead, he set up his camera in the middle of a town square, where no one showed up to watch.
In 1948, Rossellini made L’Amore (with Anna Magnani) and La macchina ammazzacattivi (1952), which are today known as the ‘Transitional films’ because of their focus on cinema’s capacity for depicting reality and truth. Roberto Rossellini was approached by a well-known foreign actress in 1948 who proposed a collaboration:
With this letter, Bergman and Roberto Rossellini started one of cinema’s most famous love stories. Stromboli terra di Dio (1950) was their first collaboration (on the island of Stromboli, whose volcano quite conveniently erupted during filming). The controversy erupted when Bergman got pregnant with Roberto Rossellini’s child, Roberto Ingmar Rossellini, sparking outrage in nations where Bergman and Rossellini were previously married. Rossellini and Bergman had two additional children, actress Isabella Rossellini and model Ingrid Isotta, who are now both successful actresses and models. In addition to Europa ’51 (1952), Siamo Donne (1953), Journey to Italy (1954), La Paura (1954), and Giovanna d’Arco al rogo (1954), they collaborated on more films.
After eloping with married Sonali Das Gupta, Roberto Rossellini married her in 1957 and adopted her small son, Arjun, who was christened Gil Rossellini. They have a daughter together, Raffaella Rossellini (born 1958), a model and actress.
Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru encouraged him to produce the documentary “India” in India in 1957, giving the ailing Indian Films Division some much-needed energy. Even though he was married to Bergman, he had an extramarital romance with local filmmaker Hari Sadhan Das Gupta’s wife, screenwriter Sonali Das Gupta. During the 1950s, this led to significant controversy in India and Hollywood. Roberto Rossellini had to be asked to leave by Nehru. Bergman and Roberto Rossellini split up not long after.
During the 1970s, Rossellini collaborated with Rice University Professor Donald D. Clayton to design a film on science. Rice requested him to assist build a Media Center in Houston, Texas, in 1971. To begin shooting, they had to work every day for two weeks straight in Rome in the summer of 1970. However, there was not enough money to get started. A one-semester course on “The Essential Image” was offered at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, in 1973.
Roberto Rossellini left Sonali in 1973 for Silvia D’Amico, a young lady.
Although the critical acclaim Journey to Italy has received, financially speaking, Rossellini’s post-Neo-Realist films have been mostly unsuccessful. The reviewers of Cahiers du Cinema, including André Bazin, François Truffaut, and Jean-Luc Godard, regarded him as a master in general. Rossellini’s impact in France, especially among the directors who would become part of the nouvelle vague, was so significant that he was “the father of the French New Wave,” according to Truffaut.
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